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Cultural and Natural Resources in Jibert
Local Customs

Groups of carolers, The Ball of the Folk Costume – January 24

Craftmanship

wood, iron and wool profiling, pottery

 

 



JIBERT Jibert, Dacia, Grânari, Lovnic, Valeni

The commune of Jibert has five settlements as administrative units and a population of 2,535 inhabitants.
The surface of the commune is of 16,612, of which 232 ha are the inhabited area of the settlements.

Activities specific to the area: agriculture and zoo culture

Dacia
- first documentary attestation in 1309 (under the name of Stein)
After having crossed the small town of Rupea along the large lane, a narrower road opens on the left and it slowly goes down in a slope then suddenly turns towards the “the big hill”. A large plain offers a dreamlike panorama on the background of which there is profiled, about 5 km away, the pointy steeple of a Transylvanian Saxon church around which the village of Dacia is nestled, anciently called by the Transylvanian Saxon inhabitants: Stein or Stena.
Stena was formed at the same time with the other settlements belonging to the county of “The Seven Sees”: Sibiu, Sinca Veche, Nocrit, Sighisoara, Rupea, Biertan, Brasov, upon calling the Germans in the area of today’s Luxemburg to colonize the “lands of the kingdom”. The original German name, Stena comes from the word Stein, which means rock or stone. Apparently, the name was given either because of the basalt spurs on which the fortress of Rupea is placed (Rupes – “rock” in Latin) or from the large stony hills of the Roman road that went through the current site of the church.
The Romanian population endured in these places since the Antiquity. About 1641, the presence in the commune of Stena of four families of Romanians is mentioned for the first time. The cause of their settlement in Stena was the inhuman behavior of the Hungarian land owner from the County of Fagaras, which made them flee from their lands.  One year later, in 1642, the number of Romanian families had grown to 7. The Romanians were hired as shepherds for the herds of the Transylvanian Saxons. The relations between the Transylvanian Saxons and the Romanians were among the best.

The custom specific to Dacia and also to other communes such as Jibert and Lovnic is the “Dârdaica”. On Saints’ Peter and Paul day, June 29, they organize the “Dârdaica”. A high pole is manufactured a few days before and it is implanted in the centre of the village, where the party takes place. At the top of the pole, a box is tied. In it they would put fruit, beautiful cloths and money. After that comes the race of the lads. Priority is given to the young man that is to marry the very year. He tries to climb to the top of the “Dârdaica”. If he reaches the contents of the box, he takes it all for himself. If not, another makes the attempt. Some of them, more inventive, cover themselves in honey so that they should not slide down the pole. After one of the lads gains the box, they dance around it. All of them dance the hora and the party lasts until sunset. The Transylvanian Saxons gave a party in front of the parochial house. The celebration takes place after the liturgy which everybody attends from beginning to end.  

 
 

[22.10.2009]
 

ADDJB MET Kraftwerk Plessa
 
ICR