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Cultural and Natural Resources in Racos
Protected Areas

The Basalt Columns of Racos are a monument of nature and impress trough their dimensions and shapes and are, geologically characterized by the lava leaks coming from a local eruption point (Chapel Hill), leaks that, in time, formed short columns at the basis and, at the middle section, long and thick columns above the basaltic dross.
The Geological Complex of Lower Racos is a protected natural area – the volcanic structure is located on the western art of the anticline – decline structure, in a trough fault in the area of Persani Mountains.  One can notice the most prominent sector, central and made of silicon of the structure (Peak Heghes), preserving quite well the neck of the previous volcanic apparatus.
The Fossil Site of Carhaga, Racos is a monument of nature comprising marls and lime, representative and important for stratigraphy and geology for they depict the way the local tectonic has evolved. The reservation is important both scientifically and for research purposes, as it is a “laboratory in situ” where specialists, professors and students may study fossil fauna and the place where it was formed. 
The Cave of the Bear Reservation is a monument of nature which enters the category of the cave reservation in the county of Brasov, important for the parietal leaks on the walls of the caves. It is considered to be most representative for the mountains of Persani. The limes in which it is carved are part of the post-tectonic cover of Persani Mountains. The reservation presents a double scientific interest: the caves – for the parietal elements, including a bear head-shaped concretion and geologically – for the manner in which the local tectonic has evolved. The cave is located in the area of the Apata commune.
The Turn of Turzun is a natural reservation and it comprises a botanic and ornithic site, with slum vegetation (a large number of plants). It represents an important component of the natural ambient specific for the notches that border the Depression of Transylvania. Here, several bird species keep the local nesting conditions, which fully justifies the fact that this is a stopping and reproduction place, along one of the most important bird migration routes towards the southern Mediterranean, in the northern hemisphere.

Local Customs

The Days of Racos, the “Fosnic”


wood, iron and wool profiling, pottery



RACOS Mateias, Racos

The commune Racos has two administrative units with a total population of 3,158 inhabitants.
The surface of the commune is of 7,778 ha, of which 345 ha represent the inhabited area.

Activities specific to the area: agriculture, zoo culture, surface mining, basalt quarry, limestone quarry.

Mateias  - first documentary attestation in…

Racos - first documentary attestation in 1624 (the first traces of life date back to 1000 B.C. – Dacian fortification)



ADDJB MET Kraftwerk Plessa