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Cultural and Natural Resources in Rupea
Protected Natural Areas

The Basalt Rock of Rupea is a monument of nature, with a great scientific importance for the creation of the basalts in the Hill of Transylvania through the mass of sedimentary rocks. The presence of basaltic lava here is linked to the last volcanic manifestation in Persani. The fortress of Colham was built on the rock.
Other Natural Resources:
George’s Forest (Gigoriwald) is a deciduous forest, where, on the Pentecost, a traditional rural fest is organized.
The Secular Oaks of Fiser
The lily site surrounding the fortress of Rupea 

Springs with Therapeutic Waters

The quality of the waters at the Resort of Cohalm is compared with that of Herculane or Karlovy-Vari (Czech Republic). The qualities of the water may be used to treat rheumatic, gynecological diseases and chronic inflammations, as well as the gout.

Local Customs

The Festival of the Fortresses
The event takes place towards the end of the month of September and the beginning of October. It first took place in 1968 and it became a tradition for the town, since then being organized on a yearly basis, with the exception of the first two years after the Revolution of 1989. In 2006 the festival reached its 36th edition.
The Ball of the Folk Costume
At this event, which takes place every year in February, only married couples participate. The actual ball is preceded by an artistic show given by the dance ensembles, the amateur rustic choirs and the rustic fanfare of the town. The folk costume is compulsory for all participants.
Other Customs:
The customs of the Romanian community, a relatively recent one, are determined by the main holidays of the Christian calendar (Easter and Christmas), coordinated by the church and the holidays within the family and the community, weddings, christenings and funerals.    
-the group of young carolers (Christmas)
-the ball of the married couples (February)
-the wedding with a suite of cavalrymen and bailiff
-traditional assembly in the houses of the girls of marriage age
At Pentecost, in George’s Forest, at the place called “At the Rondo”, a traditional rural fest takes place.

Craftmanship

wood, iron and wool profiling, pottery

 

 



RUPEA Fiser, Rupea

From an administrative point of view, the town of Rupea is formed of two settlements, having a total population of 5760 inhabitants. The surface of the commune is 7,487.69 ha, of which, 535 ha the inhabited area of the two settlements.

Activities specific to the area: trade, zoo culture, tailory, manufacturing natural fiber carpets, ancient furniture, concrete cross ties for railways, small craft workshops, banking.

Rupea – first documentary attestation 1324
Town situated at the bottom of the fortress, Rupea is between Brasov and Sighisoara, in the northern part of the Brasov County, respectively, 74 km north-west of Brasov on the European cause way E60. It is 54 km away from Sighisoara on the railroad and 52 km on E60. The settlement is positioned at an altitude of 451 m and in 1997 it had 6,195 inhabitants.
Rupea, the town at the bottom of the fortress used to be a Dacian settlement. The first traces of living date back to the Paleolithic and the early Neolithic (5500-3500 B.C.), periods that are very well highlighted by the numerous prehistoric traces (stone-made tools, fragments of ceramics, funerary urns etc.). On the hearth of the ancient Dacian settlement Ramidava, afterwards called Rupes by the Romans (name from which the current one derived), the pre-feudal settlement (10th and 13th century), as well as the medieval one (documentary mentioned for the first time in 1324, in a bill issued by the King of Hungary, Charles I Robert of Anjou) was developed. In 1433, the settlement is mentioned as a borough named Köhalm (rock top) or Cohalm. In the 15th century, Rupea is distinguished as an important commercial and crafts center, having 12 guilds. The name of Cohalm was kept until 1929, date after which the name of Rupea was adopted. In the 13th century and the first half of the 20th century, Rupea was renowned for its four large annual fairs. The history of the settlement is far from being a quiet one. In 1432 and 1437, the settlement was plundered by the Turks. In 1716, a strong epidemic of plague broke out causing the death of a large part of the population.

Fiser – first documentary attestation in 1385

 
 

[22.10.2009]
 

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